POLITICAL TERMS IN BAHASA MALAYSIA

ENGLISH

BAHASA MALAYSIA

Absolute Monarchy

Monarki Mutlak

Authoritarianism

Autoritarianisme

Autocracy

Autokrasi

Bicameral Legislature

Perundangan Dwidewan   

Bill

Rang Undang-Undang

Cabinet

Kabinet / Jemaah Menteri

Checks and Balances

Sekatan dan Imbangan

Civil Service

Perkhidmatan Awam

Coalition Government

Kerajaan Campuran

Collective Responsibility

Tanggungjawab Bersama 

Congress

Kongres

Constitutional Government

Kerajaan Berperlembagaan

Constitutional Monarchy

Monarki Berperlembagaan

Democracy

Demokrasi

Election Commission

Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya

Executive

Eksekutif

Federal System

Sistem  Persekutuan

Government

Kerajaan

Independence of the Judiciary

Kebebasan Kehakiman

Individual Ministerial Responsibility

Tanggungjawab Menteri

Interest Group

Kumpulan Berkepentingan

Judiciary

 Badan  Kehakiman

 Direct  Legislation

Perundangan  Secara  Langsung

Legislature

Badan Perundangan

Liberal Democracy

Demokrasi Liberal (Bebas)

Limited Government

Kerajaan  Terbatas 

Lobbyist

Pelobi

Money Bill

Rang Undang-Undang Kewangan

Multi-Party System

Sistem Pelbagai  Parti 

Neutrality of the Civil Service

Keberkecualian Perkhidmtan Awam

Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)

Badan Bukan Kerajaan

Parliamentary Government

Kerajaan Berparlimen

Political Party

Parti  Politik

Presidential Government

Kerajaan Berpresiden

Pressure Group

Kumpulan  Pendesak

Public Administration

Pentadbiran Awam

Public Policy

Dasar Awam

Referendum

Pungutan Suara

Representative Democracy

Demokrasi Perwakilan

Senate

Dewan Negara (Malaysia)

Separation of Powers

Pemisahan Kuasa

Single-Party  System

Sistem Separti

Supremacy of Law

Keluhuran Undang-Undang

Totalitarianism

Totalitarianisme

Two-Party  System

Sistem Dwi Parti

Unicameral Legislature

Perundangan Sebadan  

Unitary System

Sistem Unitari (Kesatuan)

Universal Suffrage

Hak Mengundi Sejagat

Voting Behaviour

Perilaku Mengundi

  Copyright Peter Johnson 2005 - 2011