PAD 120 : COURSE SYLLABUS
The Course syllabus for PAD 120 : Introduction to Political Science covers the following topics. To obtain better marks in your final examination, you should prepare your reading materials, notes and answers to past examination questions, according to the outline/framework suggested below. Please take note that in your final examination questions will be set on most of the topics covered in the syllabus. Therefore please do not be selective in your reading, research and revision.
Definition of political science
Scope of political science :
public administration; political theory; comparative politics; international
: public administration; political theory; comparative politics; international relations.
Political science and its relationship with economics; history; geography; sociology and psychology.
Political science methods (case study; survey research; comparative study; historical study)
Is political science really a “science”? Arguments for and against the statement.
Characteristics/Features/ Essential elements of a state
Functions (purposes) of the state/ government
Theories concerning the origin of the state: characteristics/elements/features of all the seven (7) theories :
theory of Divine origin; theory of Force; theory of Social Contract; Matriarchal & Patriarchal theories;
Historical / Evolutionary theory.
AUTHORITY & POWER
Differences between the two concepts
Sources and types / kinds
How does a leader obtain authority?
Ways to safeguard sovereignty
How does a government gain legitimacy? (Methods to gain legitimacy)
Types: National & International law
Types: Written, Unwritten, Fexible & Rigid
Advantages & disadvantages of the 4 types of constitutions
Characteristics / features of a good constitution
Difference between constitution and constitutionalism
THEORY OF SEPARATION OF POWERS
Meaning and explanation of the theory
Rationale (reason/why) of the theory
Criticisms against the theory of separation of powers
Characteristics : absolute; permanent; indivisible; exclusiveness; inalienable
Types of sovereignty : popular
political sovereignty; legal sovereignty; De jure and De facto ;
Nominal and Real sovereignty.
FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
Definition of “Government.”
Presidential government; Parliamentary government; Federal government; Unitary government
(characteristics; differences between these forms of government; advantages and disadvantages
of these systems of government).
Republic versus Monarchy
Democracy: definition; characteristics; types of democracy : Direct and Indirect/Representative democracy;
advantages & disadvantages of democracy.
Autocarcy: definition; characteristics; differences between autocracy and democracy;
forms (types) of autocracy : authoritarian; absolute monarchy; military rule; oligarchy; totalitarian